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The whole process for ants begins with their mating in July or August. This takes place when the males and females take to flight and mate while swarming. This mating can last for 2/3 hours. All of the males will die off. The female then bites off her wings where she will then either return to her original nesting place or find a new suitable location for her young. Here she will remain until the following Spring when she will commence laying her eggs.
These eggs will start the new nest. Once hatched they will then become the workers and tend to the larvae, search for food and also look after the queen. The workers lay scent trails as they move with the effect of guiding the other workers to the food. This process takes the shape of "marching".
Although ants are not known to carry disease they can cause damage to property by tunneling or burrowing. They can cause cross contamination of food by walking across areas which can be infected.